What is Conversational Artificial Intelligence?
Conversational Artificial Intelligence is a form of artificial intelligence that allows computers to process, understand, and create human conversation.
Conversational AI is mostly in the form of more advanced chatbots, also known as AI chatbots. Contrary to traditional chatbots, based on basic software programmed to provide limitations, AI chatbots incorporate different types of AI to offer greater capabilities. The techniques employed in AI chatbots are also utilised to improve traditional virtual agents and voice assistants. The methods behind chatbots and AI are in their early stages but are growing rapidly and improving.
A chatbot that is a conversational AI chatbot can answer commonly asked questions. It can resolve problems and even conversations — in contrast to the limited capabilities available when you talk to static chatbots with limited capabilities. A static chatbot is usually on a corporate website and restricted to text-based interactions. Conversely, chatbots that are conversational AI interactions can be conducted and accessed via different media, such as audio-video, text, and audio.
Examples of AI that can be used in conversation
Some of the most well-known kinds of conversational AI are the following:
All-encompassing, subscription-based chatbots. Chatbots with advanced technology can create text to respond to user inquiries across various subjects. The most prominent among the chatbots is ChatGPT from OpenAI. OpenAI demands that users present their login details to use the application. Paid subscriptions are also available.
AI-powered search engine assistants that AI powers. A search engine with AI capability can speedily produce results or search results that are most appropriate to a user’s search. Some of the most well-known examples are; however, they are open to Bing AI from Google and Bing AI.
Business intelligence applications that are conversational (BI) applications. Conversational BI integrates conversational AI with data analytics capabilities, allowing users to talk with these applications and get results in the form of visualisations of data and explanations. A conversational BI application is incorporated into the data warehouse or database, pulling information needed to analyse and display.
Chatbots for customer service. Chatbots with the most acclaim and virtual assistants can be found on the websites of companies that provide some limited customer service and predetermined functionality. Virtual assistant vendors offer services that help businesses connect with their customers. IBM Watson Assistant is one well-known instance.
Conversational AI is a system that combines naturally-processed language ( NLP) and machine learning (ML) processes along with traditional static types of technology that interact like chatbots. This mix provides users with interactions similar to normal human agents. Static chatbots have rules, and their chat flows are based on predefined responses that help users navigate specific details. The conversational AI model, however, uses NLP to analyse and interpret the human voice of the user to determine its meaning and ML to discover new information to improve future interactions.
NLP processes large amounts of human language data that is unstructured and transforms the data into a structured format using computational linguistics and ML so that machines can comprehend the information for making decisions and generating responses. An ML algorithm has to fully learn an entire sentence and the significance of every word it contains. Methods like part-of-speech tagging ensure the input text is properly understood and processed accurately.
The two main subtopics that make NLP play an important role in AI for conversation are natural language comprehension ( NLU) and natural language generation ( NLG).
The NLU allows an application or machine to process language information according to syntax, context, intent, and semantics, which ultimately determine the meaning intended by the user.
NLG is the method by which machines create texts in human-readable languages, often natural languages, using the input it has received. The NLG machine aims to communicate the AI’s data in a structured format for humans to comprehend.
The real-world benefits and challenges of AI-based conversation
Conversational AI is growing and bringing advantages to a variety of industries, which include the following:
Healthcare. Conversational AI will help patients explain their medical conditions online by asking various questions to reduce waiting times.
Retail. If customers’ service representatives aren’t there, chatbots powered by AI can meet customers’ needs in 24 hours, even during holiday hours. In the past, call centres and in-person visits were the sole method of interacting with customers. Nowadays, customer service is unrestricted to hours of operation since AI chatbots can be reached via numerous channels and media such as email and websites.
Banking. Bank employees can use AI chatbots to handle more complex queries in a manner traditional chatbots struggle with. When dealing with customer finances, it’s crucial to prevent common human errors and give precise and precise answers or solutions for customers’ concerns.
IoT. Most household devices like Amazon Echo and Apple’s Siri can use AI-based conversation. The conversational AI agents can also interact with the smart devices in your home.
Human resources. Conversational AI could automate the tedious HR process of manually sorting through candidates’ credentials while preparing for the job.
There are some issues to be faced in conversational AI development. Chatbots and AI models have so far been developed primarily in English and have not yet been able to fully meet the needs of international users by engaging using their native languages. Businesses that handle customer interactions using AI chatbots should be able to implement security measures to store and process the data that is transmitted. Additionally, chatbots can be confused by jargon, slang, or regional dialects. These are just a few examples of the evolution of human language. Developers need to train their AI to be able to deal with such issues in the near future.